The single largest cause of lost working hours, often caused by lifting, twisting, poor posture, and inadequate back support when sitting or lying down, pain is felt when back muscles are over-tense or pulled, go into spasm to prevent further damage to overstrained ligaments or when discs between vertebrae rupture, pressing on adjacent nerves Anything which puts sustained extra strain on the back – pregnancy, having one leg shorter than the other, habitually carrying one shoulder higher than the other – can cause backache; mental and emotional overload can aggravate and sometimes cause a bad back.
Back pain may be localized, as in Lumbago (pain in middle of the back just below waist), Sciatica (pain radiates from lower back into buttock, then shoots down leg), Coccydinia (pain around coccyx, right at base of spine) or (pain and stiffness in neck), or more general, (with fever, sore throat, headache) or Osteoarthritis, especially in an older person. Where chief symptom is general stiffness or pain around sacroiliac joint (which links sacrum to pelvis) cause may be ankylosing spondylitis. Other ailments which can affect the spine is (knife-like pains stabbing out from one side of spine at chest level), and Paget’s disease (spine tender when pressed, perhaps developing sideways curve).
If back pain onsets suddenly after a period of immobility, especially in someone over 60, consult your doctor if there is no improvement in 6hours; cause may be a Fracture brought on by Osteoporosis. Back pain accompanied by Fever may be a sign of acute Pyelonephritis back pain one-sided and radiating into groin, nausea and vomiting) Homeopathic treatment of back trouble caused by tension and stress is mainly constitutional;. Other remedies appear under other conditions mentioned above. Physiotherapy and acupuncture are also recommended – they bring swift relief to many thousands of back sufferers each year.
Like other important joints, knees can be affected by Rheumatoid arthritis (loss of weight and appetite, muscular pains, then red, swollen, painful joints with stiffness most noticeable first thing in the morning) and Osteoarthritis (episodes of pain, swelling, and stiffness, eventually knee may lock or give way); Osteoarthritis of the hip may give pain in the corresponding knee. Knees can also be affected by Gout (only one knee affected, pain and swelling come on in matter of hours, fever, joint unbearably tender) and by Bursitis – housemaid’s knee and ‘water on the knee’ are forms of bursitis, caused by injury or pressure.
Knee injuries can take the form of Fracture ,Dislocations or damage to cartilages and ligaments Unfortunately, all such injuries increase risk of Osteoarthritis at a later date. If a ligament is torn, or if a cartilage is crushed or torn, as frequently happens in violent twisting injuries on the sports field, there will be escalating pain, stiffness, and swelling;